前置詞 + Ving [動名詞]-(14) despite Ving / in spite of Ving

to 不定詞 [to + V] の用法-総合目次

動名詞 [Ving] の用法-総合目次



まず次の英文を見てみましょう。

Despite [= In spite of] a fever, he went out.
= He went out despite [= in spite of] a fever.
fever [フィーヴァー] : 熱
熱にもかかわらず、彼は外出した。
Despite [= In spite of] the bad weather, he went out.
= He went out despite [= in spite of] the bad weather.
悪天候にもかかわらず、彼は外出した。

despite ~ = in spite of ~
~にもかかわらず

despite / in spite of前置詞(句)ですので、 は当然名詞です。



の部分に、時々 動名詞[Ving] が使われることがあります。

despite Ving = in spite of Ving
Vする(こと)にもかかわらず

Despite [= In spite of] having a fever, he went out.
= He went out despite [= in spite of] having a fever..
熱があったにもかかわらず、彼は外出した。



さらに、その 動名詞[Ving]意味上の主語 がつくこともあります。

動名詞[Ving]の意味上の主語

despite A('s) Ving = in spite of A('s) Ving
AがVする(こと)にもかかわらず

Despite [= In spite of] the weather being bad, he went out.
He went out despite [= in spite of] the weather being bad.
天気が悪かったにもかかわらず、彼は外出した。



despitein spite of前置詞(句)ですから、直接後ろに文を続けることはできません

その場合、the fact that挿入すれば the fact名詞ですから that の後ろに文を続けることができます

despite the fact that …文… = in spite of the fact that …文…
…であるという事実にもかかわらず
…であるにもかかわらず

Despite [= In spite of] the fact that he had a fever, he went out.
= He went out despite [= in spite of] the fact that he had a fever.
熱があったにもかかわらず、彼は外出した。

Despite [= In spite of] the fact that the weather was bad, he went out.
He went out despite [= in spite of] the fact that the weather was bad.
天気が悪かったにもかかわらず、彼は外出した。



despite [in spite of] the fact that …文… を使って無理に文を続けるよりは、素直に接続詞thoughalthough を使うほうがはるかにいいと思います。

though …文… = although …文… [] [オル]
…であるにもかかわらず…であるけれども

(Al)Though he had a fever, he went out.
= He went out (al)though he had a fever.
熱があったにもかかわらず[熱があったけれども]、彼は外出した。

(Al)Though the weather was bad, he went out.
= He went out (al)though the weather was bad.
天気が悪かったにもかかわらず[悪かったけれども]、彼は外出した。



これまでの解説を、発信用英語受信用英語の観点からまとめます。

1. 熱があったにもかかわらず[熱があったけれども]、彼は外出した。
2. 天気が悪かったにもかかわらず[悪かったけれども]、彼は外出した。

[発信用英語 - 会話用]

though + 文 を使いましょう。

1. Though he had a fever, he went out.
1. = He went out though he had a fever.
2. Though the weather was bad, he went out.
2. He went out though the weather was bad.

[発信用英語 - 文書用]

(al)though + 文despite [in spite of] + 名詞 を使いましょう。

1. (Al)Though he had a fever, he went out.
1. = He went out (al)though he had a fever.
2. (Al)Though the weather was bad, he went out.
2. He went out (al)though the weather was bad.
1. Despite [= In spite of] a fever, he went out.
1. = He went out despite [= in spite of] a fever.
2. Despite [= In spite of] the bad weather, he went out.
2. = He went out despite [= in spite of] the bad weather.

[受信用英語 - 読み聞きできる英語]

despite [in spite of] + Ving
despite [in spite of] + A('s) Ving
despite [in spite of] the fact that + 文

1. Despite [= In spite of] having a fever, he went out.
1. = He went out despite [= in spite of] having a fever.
1. Despite [= In spite of] the fact that he had a fever, he went out.
1. = He went out despite [= in spite of] the fact that he had a fever.
2. Despite [= In spite of] the weather being bad, he went out.
2. = He went out despite [= in spite of] the weather being bad.
2. Despite [= In spite of] the fact that the weather was bad, he went out.
2. = He went out despite [= in spite of] the fact that the weather was bad.

お疲れ様。(^-^)



次回-前置詞 + Ving [動名詞]-(15) その他の 前置詞 + 動名詞[Ving]

動名詞 [Ving] の用法-総合目次


2018/04/22 18:22 [edit]

category: 高校英語・基礎

thread: 英語・英会話学習 - janre: 学校・教育

tb: --   cm: 0

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